Correction & Retraction Policies
MJBAS considers issuing a correction if:
(1) A small portion of an otherwise reliable publication proves to be misleading (especially because of honest error).
(2) The author/contributor list is incorrect (i.e. a deserving author has been omitted or somebody who does not meet authorship criteria has been included).
(3) Corrections in published articles, if any, have to be reported within 5 days of online publication via the corresponding author to the chief editor.
Retraction is a mechanism for correcting the literature and alerting readers to publications that contain such seriously flawed or erroneous data that their findings and conclusions cannot be relied upon. Unreliable data may result from honest error or from research misconduct. Retractions are also used to alert readers to cases of redundant publication (i.e. when authors present the same data in several publications), plagiarism, and failure to disclose a major competing interest likely to influence interpretations or recommendations.
MJBAS considers retracting a publication if:
(1) They have clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error).
(2) The findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, permission or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication).
(3) The findings constitute plagiarism or the findings reporting unethical research.
MJBAS considers retractions as not appropriate if:
(1) A change of authorship is required but there is no reason to doubt the validity of the findings. MJBAS considers issuing an expression of concern if:
(a) They receive inconclusive evidence of research or publication misconduct by the authors.
(b) There is evidence that the findings are unreliable but the authors’ institution will not investigate the case.
(c) They believe that an investigation into alleged misconduct related to the publication either has not been, or would not be, fair and impartial or conclusive.
(d) An investigation is underway but a judgement will not be available for a considerable time.